Testes on testing
Sat, 16 Jan 2010 00:42:37 +0000
Lest the reader assume from my previous post that I'm against automated testing: no, I'm not. In fact, Oliver hacking time over the last couple of days has been all about writing tests for the playqueue and turning the hacked together OSS interface into something that can pass them.
I offer for your consideration, though, that the benefits of writing a test suite are not so much about "having an executable specification" or even catching regressions as they are about making the software easier to test, by encouraging the programmer to (1) decouple interfaces so that units may be tested without a plethora of complicated test doubles (stubs, mocks) which may themselves contain bugs, and (2) reduce their dependence on complicated state. The easiest code to test is the purely functional, and happily this is also the easiest code to statically reason about (thus reducing our need to write tests in the first place).
There are other considerations: I object to the false confidence of "our change passes tests, so we can feel good because it must be correct" - though I suspect I'm fighting a straw man there anyway - and I am not sure that even attempting to write tests for some classes of bug (say, race conditions) is a more productive use of ones time than, say, Thinking Very Hard at the program to be tested. And there's the whole issue of whether the executable specification (probably written by a computer programmer) is a fair reflection of the business requirement (if written by the "customer", probably much less precise and probably not even consistent), but by that point we just have to accept that, well, TDD won't fix world hunger either. Chiefly my message is that writing (and more importantly, maintaining) tests is Not Free nor axiomatically Good, and therefore is only to be commended when there is some expected benefit from it.
I leave you with two final thoughts that are vaguely related but don't fit into the overall argument anywhere else...
First: correct me if I'm wrong here, but
- Test-Driven Development is what, back in the XP days, they called "test-first programming": you write the unit tests before the code that they test. In Ruby, Test::Unit is/was the tool for running unit tests
- Behaviour-Driven Development is an exercise in redefining concepts, to change the emphasis from unit tests (which typically operate on a particular class) to functional tests (which may span several classes, and address user stories or whole-system behaviour). In Ruby, RSpec was developed with this end.
- Missing the point, therefore, must be the practice of editing all
your Test::Unit cases into RSpec syntax to pretend more
convincingly to the new orthodoxy. They don't magically turn into
functional tests just because
test_barf_when_value_negativeis now written
it "should barf when value negative". Er? Do they?
Second: a powerful driver for a good test suite, from my experience with SBCL, is that of checking the program is not broken by environmental changes (new os, new cpu architecture, whatever). When working on that project I saw test suite breakages far more often in those circumstances than I ever did from hacking the code they were supposed to protect.